Most people hear the name melanoma and automatically associate it with skin cancer. However, this is often the limit of most people’s knowledge. Surprisingly, it is one of the rarest types of skin cancer, but it is also one of the most lethal types.
What is melanoma?
Melanoma is a cancerous tumour that grows mainly on the skin. It occurs in about 60,000 each year and is more common in people who live in a sunny climate or who regularly use tanning salons. Melanoma usually manifests as a change in the size and colour of one of your moles. It may also start with itching, scarring, or bleeding. Along with this physical change, you may experience symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, or loss of appetite. The disease begins as a mole removal in Sydney or a simple growth on the skin before it spreads and affects the skin. The main causes of melanoma are:
*Sun exposure (especially UV): This includes regular exposure to strong sunlight, as well as sunburn that you may have experienced at any time in your life.
*Eye or hair colour: People with blue or green eyes, as well as red and blond hair, are more likely to suffer from the disease.
*Genetics: If you have a family history of melanoma, you may also have the disease.
*The nature of the skin: If you have skin that cannot be tanned or freckled when exposed to the sun, then you can easily become a victim of this disease. If you have a lot of moles on your skin, the same applies. A skin condition, such as Xeroderma pigmentosum, increases the risk of melanoma.
Who usually gets melanoma?
Anyone can get melanoma. If you have skin, you may have melanoma! But there are people who are more at risk for melanoma than others.
People who have a lot of moles, irregular moles or large moles are at higher risk. People with close blood relatives who have had a melanoma or have had melanoma before are at higher risk. Frequent sun exposure, clear skin or the inheritance of a genetic mutation (or any combination of these) can put a person on a higher level.
If you have a history of melanoma in blood relatives, talk to your doctor to determine if you should have a skin test to determine the risk factors.
Other people who suffer from melanoma are those who have open skin and are more prone to sunburn or freckles. Also, those who have naturally red or blond hair are at higher risk. People who have suffered severe sunburn in childhood or adulthood or any cancerous or precancerous spots on the skin at any age are also at increased risk.
No one is immune to melanoma. Even people who are dark-skinned and do not get sunburn easily can get melanoma! Anyone can get it!
Areas exposed to intense sunlight throughout the year are more likely to develop melanoma. Think of Florida and Southern California. Also, like most other cancers, the older you get, the higher the risk of developing melanoma.
Doctors believed that people with dark skin, brown or black skin, were protected from melanoma. Not true. Anyone can get melanoma. When people with dark faces develop melanoma, it usually appears on the sole or sole of the foot or under the nail.
Anyone can get melanoma. There are certain risk factors for this type of skin cancer. Although it is not completely preventable, it is very easy to detect early. Of course, the sooner you can diagnose cancer, the better the survival rate.