A Parallel drive-in pallet racking is an individual or more than one level storage system that supports the piling up of individual items or ones that are transported in pallets. Pallet rack systems are a very crucial element of any operation involving storage, distribution, and handling of materials. With pallet racks, the stored materials can be rapidly accessed. Pallet rack systems are designed to maximize the usage of facility space while at the same time minimizing inventory demands.
Pallet racks are made up of horizontal load beams and upright frames designed purposely for the masses that are to be stored. Upright frames, also known as upright columns, differ from one another in terms of size and design based on the requirements of the load. Upright columns are created when flat coil steel is formed from the roll. Punching up and down of holes is done the column during the manufacturing process to allow mounting of load beams into upright columns. Structural C shapes are also used in the construction of upright frames that are designed purposely for columns. Upright frames can be formed as a result of the soldering of braces, i.e., diagonal and horizontal. At the base of columns, attached are footplates, which are also referred to as base plates. Footplates are not only designed to enhance the stability of the pallet rack but also to provide a mechanism for anchoring the pallet into the floor.
Load beams are designed to support the pallet rack system horizontally. They provide the surface area where items are placed before they are loaded on a pallet rack.
Load beams are used to hold composite materials, wood, pallet supports, and even wire decking to render a large surface area for the items being stored.
Forklift trucks play a very crucial role in loading and offloading of pallets. Advancement in technology has simplified this task further since loading and unloading are now done by cranes that are controlled by computers.